The fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, has been made possible by the digitalisation of companies. Indeed, the shift from traditional methods to digital solutions has totally transformed the way companies operate, by introducing technology at every stage of the production process. Nowadays, process optimisation through artificial intelligence is common practice in industries and allows a significant improvement in overall performance.
In this article, we will explain the consequences of this digital transformation, as well as some of the digital tools that have become essential in business. But first, what is digitalisation?
Digitalisation is a process that aims to transform traditional processes through digital technologies in order to make them more efficient. For example, shops have been replaced by web shops or trade fairs by web forums. Its meaning is intrinsically linked to that of digitalisation.
Digitalisation is based in particular on the IoT (Internet of Things), which makes it possible to monitor machines remotely or carry out predictive maintenance.
Artificial intelligence, on the other hand, consists of implementing technologies that enable machines to emit a form of real intelligence.
Digitalisation and AI have revolutionised the industry by making the digital transformation of companies possible. This digital transformation is now essential to face the competition and to be able to claim important growth.
It allows the elimination of spatial and temporal barriers, making it possible to communicate with all employees at any time, even if they are in other countries. It is possible to communicate with your entire team as if you were working in the same space, even if you are on the move, thanks to the mobile connection.
To digitise your business, you need to use the digital tools available to you, such as websites, mobile applications, business software and newsletters, to digitise the entire business and its management.
Depending on the nature of your industry, it may be appropriate to implement these tools:
To integrate digital transformation into the industry, it is also imperative to incorporate a digital culture within the teams and to practice change management, so that all employees are involved in Industry 4.0.
One of the main objectives of our century is the decarbonisation of industries. Digitalisation and artificial intelligence are very promising tools for achieving this objective. Indeed, certain digital tools can reduce energy consumption or allow a reduction in the need for materials and therefore promote a reduction in waste.
These tools include, for example :
As these tools allow for greater reactivity and flexibility, while reducing production and delivery times, there has also been talk in France in recent years of industrial relocation. Indeed, the advantages of relocating companies to countries where labour is cheaper have been called into question since the appearance of 4.0 factories. This relocation contributes to the decarbonisation of industries, by encouraging shorter circuits.
Written by Emma Guignard